As Soviet troops approached Auschwitz in January 1945, most of its population was evacuated and sent on a death march. The prisoners remaining at the camp were liberated on January 27, 1945, a day now commemorated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. In the following decades, survivors such as Primo Levi, Viktor Frankl, and Elie Wiesel wrote memoirs of their experiences in Auschwitz, and the camp became a dominant symbol of the Holocaust.
|Commemorative flowers on the rail track in Auschwitz II-Birkenau|
"KZ Auschwitz-Birkenau, Bahngleise der Entladerampe, Blumen zum Gedenken" by Dnalor 01 - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.